More than six out of ten children are structurally poor in Argentina. This means that there are currently 7,930,000 children up to 1
However, the most worrying is the trend: in 2017 the amount of structurally poor children increased two points to 62.5% compared to what happened a year ago, when the figure was 60.5% (7 650 000 young people).
This radiography is apparent from the so-called multidimensional index (which measures poverty through dimensions or rights, not income) produced by the Argentine Social Security Institute for UCA, coordinated by Agustín Salvia, and as regards the youngest specialist Ianina Tuñón.
The increase of two points could be measured thanks to the use of the observation center's old methodology. With the new developed 2017, which has no index to compare, structural poverty is among the minimum 65%, that is, 8 250 000 young people. This percentage includes young people who have at least one robbery in the measured dimensions.
The multi-dimensional index of the ULC calculates poverty on the basis of different dimensions or double-threshold indicators (total or difficult).  where they take into account food (regardless of whether the children became hungry), sanitation (access to running or odorless water), housing (the types of materials with which it is done), health (if they visit a doctor or if they are vaccinated or not ), information (if they have access to books, phones or the Internet), and education and incentives (if they are in class) they had early stimulation.
According to the image of the UCA with the New Method, 5.9 percent of the youths, 2017 were deprived of four or more dimensions. 12%, in three dimensions; 18.4%, in two dimensions and 28.7%, in one dimension.
With the comparable method, those with four or more deprivations showed an improvement between 2016 and 2017 (they went from 5.8% to 4, 1%). The other three layers deteriorate between one and a half and a half, according to the academic calculation of the university linked to the church.
"Poverty measured by dimensions is not directly associated with income transfers," he explained. Tunon. "And the government has a focused look just to reduce poverty through income," said a specialist in the Observatory of Argentine Social Debt.
As regards the dimension focused on the right to food, the UCA estimated that 2017 One of the ten children resides in a household that is "vulnerable to access to food."
The university estimates that there has been a gradual upward trend since 2015. "Vulnerability climbs to 18% in poor children in monetary terms, 14% in the population receiving financial support from the state and 14% in the suburbs of Buenos Aires," said study.
And later, he added: "It is worth noting that the increase in incidence ceased during the last internal season among recipients of revenue transfers, indicating the significance of its existence and the limits for eradicating the problem."
In comparable data The food deficit between 2016 and 2017 showed an increase of 8.7% to 9.6%
During sanitation, from 22.8% to 20.8%; housing (25.2% to 25.3%); health (from 22.7% to 23.1%), information (from 15.8% to 16.7%); stimulation and education (from 19.3% to 18.2%)
"It is estimated that 24.7% of the children lack access to water and / or toilet with home emissions (7% lack water and toilet)" , says UCA's documents in one of their points.
"Although the deficit declined in 2010 and 2014, the deficit has been sustained with small increases at the total level and without changes in the severity of the most serious failure. The floor space is a key issue for Buenos Aires conurbano (40% in 2017) ", calculated the university in one of its conclusions sectoral
Other data developed and noted the academic report was that 30% of children and youth had insecure homes by 2017 according to their building materials. Or that the deficit in health education affected 23% of the boys and that 19% registered abuse in the field of education. In addition, almost 19.5% of the children have problems accessing information technology.
In addition to multidimensional measurements, UCA also published its income indicator. Children from 0 to 17 years fell from 47.5% to 42.5%, a trend that was also registered by the State Institute for Statistics and Censuses of the Argentine Republic (Indec).
The non-comparable income data for UCA (developed according to a new method) is calculated in 2017 48.1% of poor children.
For Indec, the poverty rate in children is lower, it was 39.7%, but for a universe between 0 and 14 years old.
X-ray of the needs
The indicators that UCA took into account in the report
7.5 million poor children
This is the figure revealed by the Argentine Social Democrats of the Argentine Catholic University. It grew from 60 to 62.5% between 2016 and 2017 and covers the universe from 0 to 17 years
The multidimensional index for UCA calculates poverty based on different dimensions or indicators in double threshold (total or difficult). It takes into account food, sanitation (access to running water or toilet), housing, health, information (if they have books, phones or the Internet) and education and incentives (if they are in class)
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