"And I will bring the third part through the fire and will refine them as silver is refined and will try for those who are trying gold, they will call on my name and I will answer them. I will say," That are my people "and they shall say," Hashem is my God. "" Zechariah 13: 9 (Israel's Bible)
Yellowstone Caldera, in the middle of the United States, is a huge bomb that, as it explodes, will have global catastrophic consequences. After first of all denying that the unusual amount of seismic activity witnessed last year was an indication of imminent danger, NASA researchers suggest a solution that could save half of the world while admitting that their intervention could initiate the explosion as it was supposed to prevent.
Last year, increased seismic activity at Yellowstone generated great concern. More than 2300 tremors were recorded between June and September, one of the largest swarms ever recorded on the site. Although the geologists assured the general public that the activity was normal for the site, another series of shakes and unusual outbreaks began to rise in February for fear of the superintendent waking up. A survey of revealed magma which was filled in the lower chamber of the supercool. In July, a massive 100 ft wide fissure opened in the Grand Teton National Park near Yellowstone, which further increased the fear.
Yellowstone is listed as one of the best volcanic hotspots in the world. An outbreak of supervolcano would have global consequences. An estimated 87,000 people would be killed immediately and two thirds of the United States would be immutable. The big ash in the atmosphere would block sunlight, resulting in an artificially long and intense winter all over the world, which inhibits agriculture and leads to global starvation.
Researchers from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), originally assigned to protect the planet from threats from space decided to turn their talents to the threat caused by an outbreak in Yellowstone.
"I was a member of NASA's Advisory Council on Planetary Defense, which studied ways for NASA to defend the planet from asteroids and comets," Brian Wilcox of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) at the California Institute of Technology explained BBC . "I came to the conclusion that during the study the supervolcano threat is significantly greater than the asteroid or comet threat."
The last time the Yellowstone superolkan broke out 640,000 years ago, making it unlikely that an affordable burst of noise will be unlikely.
Yellowstone explodes approximately 600,000 years, and it was about 600,000 years since it was last exploded, which would make us sit and notice, "Wilcox said.
NASA researchers came until the most logical solution would be to simply cool the power while it is still underground. The solution is similar to cold industrial power plants. Yellowstone is estimated to generate heat equivalent to six industrial power plants. The caldera currently carries about 60 percent of its heat in the atmosphere via water that seeps into the magic chamber through cracks. The residue is built underground in magma, which produces volatile gases and dissolves surrounding rocks. When such heat reaches a certain threshold, an explosive outbreak is inevitable.
NASA researchers estimate that if a 35 percent increase in heat transfer could be achieved, venting heat from the magic chamber, Yellowstone would no longer constitute a ho They suggest that this be achieved by drilling in the monitoring and pumping in water at high pressure. Scientists acknowledge that there is a risk they could initiate outbreaks they work to prevent.
"The most important thing about this is to do no harm," says Wilcox. "If you drill at the top of the magic chamber and try to cool it from there, it would be very risky. This can make the lid over the stomach chamber more brittle and prone to crack. And you can trigger emissions of harmful volatile gases in magma at the top of the chamber that otherwise would not be let go. "
The plan seems bold, maybe too. When asked if NASA scientists were guilty of hubris, playing God with the fate of the world Professor Natan Aviezer a physics professor at Bar Ilan University, a learned and devilic Jew, answered firmly that they were.
"There is no major feature needed for a researcher," said Professor Aviezer Breaking Israel News .
As an illustration, he described an incident where Albert Einstein was presented with astronomical observations that finally proved his controversial theories. Einstein made the earth shake news with equality and said, "I do not need anyone looking through a telescope to determine if I'm talking nonsense or not. If your observations did not match my theories you would have to go back and take your measurements again because my theories were correct. "
" If a researcher does not have the hub to contradict what the whole world believes, he is not a great researcher and no new will ever be discovered, "said Aviezer." Modesty is necessary in the real life, but should not be part of the scientific process. The possibility of blowing up half of the world should not disturb a true scientist. "
Rabbi Avraham Arieh Trugman Head of the Ohr Chadash Torah Institute noted that care in science and technology is a biblical imperative. Rabbi Trugman referred to the flaming sword approach to protect the garden of Eden .
He pushed the man out and stood east of the garden of Eden Gardens and the fiery swinging sword to protect the way of the tree. Genesis 3:24
"Some comments explain that the angels were placed at the entrance to Eden in order to prevent Man coming in while other comments explained that the angels had a secondary purpose; to show man the way back to the tree of life because we do not forget where it is, "explained Rabbi Trugman for Breaking Israel News .
" This is related to science in general, "explained the rabbi." Science and technology have brought phenomenal good to humanity. But at the same time they are a double-edged sword that causes a major damage. The same technology that gives us blessings of progress also leads to a curse of harm. "
Rabbi Trugman referred this to a verse in Predikers.
So enjoy happiness in a happy time, and in a time of misfortune, reflect: The no less than the other was Hashem Therefore, There is no fault with him. Ecclesiastes 7:14
"Everything in the natural world has two sides to it," said Trugman. "Everything affects everything else but we can not see all connections. We do not know what the results are. "
" No one suggests that we return to the caveman paradigm, but we must be much more careful about our technology decisions. We should definitely not leave the decision solely in the hands of researchers, "he warned." In the immediate sense, we have done well and created benefits for so many people today. But at the same time, from the same sources, we have already created devastation for future generations. "
Although NASA researchers do not stop considering their huge actions, practical obstacles can prevent them from continuing on their plans for Yellowstone. The estimated cost is about $ 3.5 billion.
" Building a Great Aqueduct up in a mountain area would be both expensive and difficult, and people do not want their water to be spent in that way, says Wilcox. "People are desperate for water all over the world and so a big infrastructure project, where the only way the water is used is to cool down a supervolcano, it would be very controversial."
These large expenses could be compensated by using heat to generate electricity. The circulating water would return at a temperature of about 662 Fahrenheit.
"Yellowstone now leaks about 6GW in heat," says Wilcox. "Drilling in this way can be used to create a geothermal plant that generates electric power at extremely competitive prices of around 0.10 USD / kWh. You should give the geothermal companies incentives to drill a bit deeper and use hot water than what they would usually, but you would pay back your initial investment and get electricity that could drive the environment for a decade of tens of thousands of years. And the long-term benefit is to prevent future floods that would destroy humanity. "
" When people first considered the idea of defending the Earth from an asteroid impact, they reacted in the same way as the upheaval threat, says Wilcox. "People believed," As sensible as we are, how can people prevent an asteroid from hit the ground. "It turns out that if you construct something that shoots a lot for a very long time, you can make the asteroid miss Earth. So it turns out to be easier than people think. In both cases, it is required that the scientific community invests brain power and you have to start early. "